There are many types of organizations, large and small, formal and informal, commercial and non-profit. These different typologies cause completely different realities that can be traced back to this definition: Organization is a set of actions that must be managed in a coordinated manner in order to complete and direct in accordance with the achievement of the goals for which the organization was born. This definition immediately focuses on the need in the context of the organization of the project and organizational and managerial activities, which are able to: – interpret and pursue goals; – planning, acquisition and management of resources necessary for the implementation of activities.
Basic formalities for creating a small business. Therefore, the need for planning and organizational and managerial actions typical of any company does not depend on: – goals – scale – the operating sector – business and the competitive situation – resources The way to solve this problem and its solution will certainly be different. The need is manifested in the fact that the complexity of the organization is growing both internally and externally. The internal aspect refers to everything that is connected with production factors, while the term external refers to relations with the environment in which the organization operates, and in particular to relations with the market for the company organization.
Basic formalities for creating a small business. Therefore, the need for planning and organizational and managerial actions finds a solution through a systematic organizational process, formalized in the specific activities of the business organization, which becomes more structured and refined in accordance with the complexity of the company. In general, it can be considered as the task of organizing a company, understood as a function and business activity, to manage the complexity that each organization presents, so that all resources and various types of activities provide the basis for a coordinated and final system. The organizational and management project begins and develops with a choice related to the positioning of the organization, what to do as a product / service and how we want to characterize ourselves in the environment in terms of image and identity in order to reach the end, therefore the organization is kind.
Over time, several modifications occurred in the definition of an enterprise, the purpose of which was primarily the privilege of aspects that at different historical and economic times turned out to be more significant and critical. It should be noted that the terms “business” and “company” are usually used as synonyms in the literature on economic management, while in the legal and business literature these terms are used differently. In accordance with the Civil Code, a company indicates a set of assets organized by an entrepreneur to carry out entrepreneurial activity, instead intended as an economic activity organized for the purpose of production and exchange of goods and services.
A company, traditionally defined as an organization of people and goods aimed at a productive goal, can be better defined in a later concept as an economic organization that, through the use of a differentiated set of limited resources, processes the acquisition and production of goods and services for exchange with external organizations in order to obtain income. Four elements follow from the definition, which are traditionally recognized as distinctive for a company: – having an organization – conducting production processes – exchanging relationships with external entities – entrepreneurial income goals.
These distinctive elements of the company were the object of various economic moments, scientists pay special attention to a better understanding, study and orientation of corporate behavior on the development of external and internal elements, which is often a critical factor in the moment when the company must act in order to obtain strategic advantages and survival : environment and market, coordination and interrelations between specialized functions, implementation of production processes, intelligence flax resources. For some time, the definition of an enterprise as an open socio-technical functional system has been adopted by a doctrine, a definition that focuses both on the systemic nature of the company and on the importance of the relationship that the company has with the environment it surrounds.